Advising Youths On Their Issues – 2

Exams are approaching, at this crucial juncture, students encounter with personal and subject related problems. Amidst a busy exam schedule, students have interacted with some personal and subjected related issues. What needed is a prompt solution which not only set them free of worries but also facilitates their smooth preparation. Here enlisted are a few questions about study method, preparation of time table, overcoming distractions, scoring high marks in English and a few related to Physics. Let’s just get right to it. 

(6) How to study before exams and how to make an effective time table? 

Students have a psychological advantage that nearing the examination period their curiosity, discipline, hard work, loyalty towards study incredibly increases. This really proves to be instrumental for a good student to gain maximum benefits.

Well, there can’t be a fixed study method. It may vary according to a student’s intellect, preparation and academic performance in the previous examinations / tests. The only common thing for all the students could be “work hard, never compromise with your studies”. However, you can cultivate a good study habit by focusing on the following:

  • Select a good place to study
  • Develop concentration
  • Be a master of note taking techniques
  • Be an expert of skimming technique – Skimming is about focusing on the most important portion of the subject and leaving aside the rest. This is similar to the way you scroll down to find out any particular number from your mobile phone book, this scanning technique when applied to reading a book is skimming)
  • Time management
  • Memory
  • Revision

Preparing an effective time schedule help stay focused. For its preparation we are considering that there are no formal classes, it’s almost a complete vacation for exam preparation. So the available time is 24 x 7, however we will extract an affordable part from it to make it convenient.

A time table is a handy tool that will give you a perspective on things to be accomplished. Its all about managing your time, if you succeed, excelling in the exams is going to be your cup of  tea.

First of all set a target for yourself. What do you want to achieve and what’s your future plan, based on that you will be charged up to stick to a decent time table.

In view of your strengths, make a priority list of the subjects and chapters of the subjects. That means take those subjects first that consume less of your time and then opt those that demands more time. Similarly select the chapters of the subjects based on the possible time that may consume.

For a student, productive working hours would be comprised of sessions of 60 mins each with 15 mins break. Just calculate the available time in a day’s period.  If you start your day by 4 am and wind up your studies at around 11 pm, it comes around 19 hours a day. If you take out almost 5 hours of break (19 x 15 = 4.75 hrs.) and approximate 3 hours’ time for food and prayers then you are left with a quantum of 11 hours of study per day. This duration could be flexible; students can alter according to their own priorities and overall condition.

Now, divide the available time among the total subjects. You can spend quality time on each subject every day. Or you can have three to four subjects a day and deal with the rest on the alternate days. This way the time delegated is more than enough to carry out effective studies. Make sure of taking out some time for the revision of subjects studied.

Once you make a time schedule don’t alter the timings, let it be fix. However, later you can alter a bit if feel little hard to cope.

In view of this principle description you can commence your studies from morning 4 and relaxed in the night at 11 pm. It would be desirable if you get up early in the morning and sleep max by 11 pm. Avoid night outs.

To excel in the exams you need to concentrate on other factors also. Time table is all about time management. You need to focus on your health and memory.

(7) How to overcome distractions, suggest some practical ways? 

Distraction is a condition or state of mind in which the attention is diverted from an original focus or interest. It is a mental disturbance. Like, noise, improper room conditions, family members or friends intervention, mobile, TV and internet usage, sleeplessness, personal issues etc.

Distraction is one of the most common problems students face, in particular during the examination period. The students wants to get good grades. They have their own promises. Expectations of parents and teachers are high. Amidst these imperatives students tend to feel distractions.

While studying, feelings of distraction actually invite your attention towards something which could be potentially dangerous. Better if you concentrate hard to get rid of them. To have a control over unwanted feelings, you need to be sharp focused. Some of the practical ways are:

  • Selection of place –  Ambiance does matter; select a comfortable, quietest and a bit spacious place for your studies.
  • Clean your room – Keep your study room clean, take out all the things that could disturb you.
  • Tell everyone – Let everyone who lives with you know that you are pretty serious in studying and no one is suppose to disturb you by any mean.
  • Organize study schedule – Prepare an effective time table to ensure optimum utilization of available time.
  • Avoid friends –  Avoid friends. Tell them that you would appreciate if they don’t call or text a message. However, if need help, you can invite your class fellow as a study partner.
  • Read aloud –  There is a highest possibility that reading aloud will help you remember. Read aloud, in particular when you feel any distraction.
  • Concentrate on memorizing things – If you succeed in remembering studied portions means the distractions have failed. Let memorization be a benchmark to know the effectiveness of your study and the level of your concentration.
  • Be flexible – Don’t be tense with regard to the time table, subjects and the left over chapters. Be flexible, utilize the available time to the best of your benefits.
  • Change your study hours – Sticking to the same schedule sometimes reduces your concentration and interest level. Try to rotate the subjects and there corresponding study hours. If this fails by chance, change your place, go somewhere else, to your friend’s house, garden or school /college.
  • Rotate your study pattern –  Don’t stick to a solitary style of studying, change the duration of study, shift the place, flip the timings.
  • ABC technique –  This is one of the most tested techniques. Here, A stands for awareness. You should be aware of the means of distractions. B for breathing. Soon after realization take a deep breath with a firm determination of dealing with all forms of distractions. And C stands for choosing, opt proper methods to rectify all sorts of disturbing elements.
  • Study material –  Keep your study material ready. The moment you start your studies, things should be available for instance reference and use. It will be an added advantage for you. It helps understand that everything is under your control and you have a command over things.
  • Take short breaks  – It is recommended that you should have a small break after every 45 or 60 mins.
  • Be productive –  Study shows that an average period of concentration per day is less than 2 hours, so you need to be very productive for optimum utilization of the available time.
  • Revision snacks – Take some healthy snacks during the breaks. Avoid excess eating, carbonated drink and junk food.
  • Motivate yourself – Take a regular assessment of your personal involvement in the studies and memorizing things. Motivate yourself with words and phrases that are quite inspiring.
  • Study partner – As it is said, if needed you can have a study partner, or join anyone. But remember heavy reliance on a study partner is also a kind of distraction.
  • Remember God – Invoke Him. Seek His guidance. Ask for forgiveness. Devote quality time for worship. Be thankful to Him for providing you with an ease to study and remember things.

(8) What topics are likely to appear in PUC Physics, PUC II exams? 

Some important topics have a higher possibility of appearing in the exams, you can focus on them and they are:

  • Optics
  • Electronic Devices
  • Communion Systems
  • Atoms & Nuclei
  • Electrostatic
  • Dual Nature of Matter

You can also prepare for the following chapters and topics:

  • Modern Physics –  semiconductor, atom n nuclei, dual nature of radiation, communication system
  • Optics –  ray optics, wave optics, problems of interference, diffraction and Youngâ € double slit.
  • Current & Electricity.
  • Practice the ray and other important diagrams.
  • Solve objective type questions, practice for solving one mark questions.

However, I would recommend you to go through complete syllabus and try to cover the maximum. Refer previous years question papers so as to have an idea about the question patterns and order of there appearance.

(9) How to score 95 marks in English in 12th board exams? 

You need to really work hard for scoring more than ninety marks in theoretical subjects, like English. Try to understand the basics:

  • Score full marks in comprehension section with the help of passage given.
  • Well acquaint with the knowledge of formatting, it is essential for scoring high marks in writing and literature sections.
  • Always keep in mind the word limits specified for the answers, don’t try to go beyond that.

(10) Appearing in 12th Board Exam, Maths completed, now how to revise Physics and Chemistry? 

Nice to hear that you have completed Maths portion. Now just move on quickly to both the important subjects. Physics and Chemistry are most crucial in the sense the highest marks you score in these subjects set your future course of action. By scoring highest marks we mean your in depth knowledge and understanding of these subjects. Try to focus on the following :

  • Start both the subjects simultaneously.
  • Ensure equal time distribution for both.
  • Study those chapters first that are easy for you.
  • Then move on to the little tough ones.
  • Set deadlines for the chapters to be covered.
  • Set a target for each subject.
  • For physics / chemistry revision – prepare quick reference list of important definitions, formulae, equations & derivations / revise graphs &  diagrams / try to understand applications of various concepts / practice numerical as well as theoretical questions / attempt sample papers or previous year papers.
  • Improve speed of answering.
  • Be confident.
  • Take care of health.
  • Have nutritious food.
  • Avoid night outs.
  • Five to six hours sleep is sufficient.

………….

© Muhammad Abdullah Javed – Mar 2016.

Do you need further clarifications or want to say something? feel free to post your comments below or contact: [mdabdullahjaved@gmail.com].


Articles in Urdu @:

https://muhammadabdullahjaved.wordpress.com/

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