Expression is a part of human nature. The human history can be summarized as an epitome of expressions. The success, failures, achievements, discoveries, explorations, scientific developments ….and there are many more, in fact, every facet of human lives is one or the other form of such illustrations.
Expression is also an obstinate part of our culture and dialects. Very often inquisitiveness and curiosity get articulated in a unique form of expression, which we call a “Question”. What, why, where, when, how…. are just a few to characterize that illustrious form of communication. In Islam, asking meaningful questions has always been admired.
The Quran is loaded with different forms of questions that begin with words like say (قل), are / is (ھل / ام), why don’t, do you (الم / افلا), who (من / أ), and that begins with verb (رای) like don’t you see (افریتم)…. and there are plenty of other forms of statements that gave an expression of the same, here are the details, categorized under various topics.
The questions, in actual sense, are an obligation on us to think and answer them, as they are being asked by our Merciful God .
The spirit of the Quranic Questions
The Quran openly proclaims that it has been revealed by God (45:02) as the book of guidance for the entire humanity (02:185). The Book delves with different approaches to explain the prerequisites of faith along with expressing the ideas that are quite essential for the human societies and in conceptualization of purpose of human existence on earth.
One of the most striking features of the Quranic approach is that it takes every reader along with its description, never lets anyone feel a distant relation with its teachings. In no way on can feel that the Book is compelling to adopt the faith that it professes. Rather it just ignites the mind and gently touches the heart to help ponder and understand the realities.
The presentation of questions is one of the interactive forms of Quranic Approaches that present a world of fascination and inquisitiveness before the readers just to help them reach where their hearts merge with the liking of their Creator.
…and the Creator says:
Join us for an inquisitive journey of the Quran to know what actually our Creator has to say. Let us go through the queries first, on the later part we shall try to delve with there answers.
Questions About God
The concept of monotheism has been greatly emphasized with loads of reasonable, logical, rational and scientific teachings. One of the most striking forms of emphasizing the Oneness of God is posing questions. God Himself asks us to think over certain realities.
قُلۡ أَتَعۡبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ مَا لَا يَمۡلِكُ لَڪُمۡ ضَرًّ۬ا وَلَا نَفۡعً۬اۚ
Say! will you worship, besides Allah, something which has no power either to harm or benefit you? …(Ch 5- Al Maeda: 76)
قُل لِّمَن مَّا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِۖ
To whom belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth?…(Ch 6 – Al Anam:12)
قُلۡ أَرَءَيۡتَكُمۡ إِنۡ أَتَٮٰكُمۡ عَذَابُ ٱللَّهِ أَوۡ أَتَتۡكُمُ ٱلسَّاعَةُ أَغَيۡرَ ٱللَّهِ تَدۡعُونَ إِن كُنتُمۡ صَـٰدِقِينَ
Say: What do you think if some chastisement of Allah or the Hour suddenly overtakes you: do you cry to any other than Allah? Answer, if you speak the truth?…(Ch 6 – Al Anam:40)
قُلۡ أَرَءَيۡتُمۡ إِنۡ أَخَذَ ٱللَّهُ سَمۡعَكُمۡ وَأَبۡصَـٰرَكُمۡ وَخَتَمَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِكُم مَّنۡ إِلَـٰهٌ غَيۡرُ ٱللَّهِ يَأۡتِيكُم بِهِۗ
Say: What do you think? If Allah should take away your hearing and your sight and seal your hearts, who is the god, other than Allah, who could restore them to you?…(Ch 6 – Al Anam:46)
قُلۡ مَن يُنَجِّيكُم مِّن ظُلُمَـٰتِ ٱلۡبَرِّ وَٱلۡبَحۡرِ تَدۡعُونَهُ ۥ تَضَرُّعً۬ا وَخُفۡيَةً۬ لَّٮِٕنۡ أَنجَٮٰنَا مِنۡ هَـٰذِهِۦ لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ ٱلشَّـٰكِرِينَ
Who is it that delivers you from dangers in the deep darknesses of the land and the sea, and to whom do you call in humility and in the secrecy of your hearts? To whom do you pray: “If He will but save us from this distress, we shall most certainly be among the thankful?…(Ch 6 – Al Anam:63)
قُلۡ مَن يَرۡزُقُكُم مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ
Say: Who provides sustenance for you from the sky and the earth? (Ch 10 – Yunus: 31)
أَمَّن يَمۡلِكُ ٱلسَّمۡعَ وَٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرَ
Who is it that has power over hearing and sight….? – (Ch 10 – Yunus: 31)
وَمَن يُخۡرِجُ ٱلۡحَىَّ مِنَ ٱلۡمَيِّتِ وَيُخۡرِجُ ٱلۡمَيِّتَ مِنَ ٱلۡحَىِّ وَمَن يُدَبِّرُ ٱلۡأَمۡرَۚ
And who is it that brings out the living from the dead and the dead from the living and Who governs all affairs of the universe…? (Ch 10 – Yunus: 31)
قُلۡ أَرَءَيۡتُمۡ إِنۡ أَتَٮٰكُمۡ عَذَابُهُ ۥ بَيَـٰتًا أَوۡ نَہَارً۬ا مَّاذَا يَسۡتَعۡجِلُ مِنۡهُ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمُونَ
Say: “Do you see, – if His punishment should come to you by night or by day, – what portion of it would the sinners wish to hasten? – (Ch 10 – Yunus: 50)
هَلۡ تَعۡلَمُ لَهُ سَمِيًّ۬ا
Do you know anyone that can be named along with Him? – (Ch 19 – Maryam:65)
أَلَمۡ تَعۡلَمۡ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَعۡلَمُ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِۗ
Are you not aware that Allah knows all that is in heaven and on earth? – (Ch 22 –Al-Hajj:70)
قُلۡ مَن رَّبُّ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ ٱلسَّبۡعِ وَرَبُّ ٱلۡعَرۡشِ ٱلۡعَظِيمِ
Say: “Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, and the Lord of the Throne (of Glory) Supreme? – (Ch 23 – Al-Mominoon:86)
أَمَّن يُجِيبُ ٱلۡمُضۡطَرَّ إِذَا دَعَاهُ وَيَكۡشِفُ ٱلسُّوٓءَ وَيَجۡعَلُڪُمۡ خُلَفَآءَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِۗ أَءِلَـٰهٌ۬ مَّعَ ٱللَّهِۚ
Who listens to the (soul) distressed when it calls on Him, and Who relieves its suffering, and makes you (mankind) inheritors of the earth? (Can there be another) god besides Allah? – (Ch 27- An-Naml: 62)
قُلۡ مَن ذَا ٱلَّذِى يَعۡصِمُكُم مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ إِنۡ أَرَادَ بِكُمۡ سُوٓءًا أَوۡ أَرَادَ بِكُمۡ رَحۡمَةً۬ۚ
Say: Who can protect you from Allah if He intends harm for you? And who can prevent Him if He intends to show you mercy? – (Ch 33 – Al-Ahzab: 17)
أَلَيۡسَ ٱللَّهُ بِكَافٍ عَبۡدَهُ ۥۖ
Is not Allah enough for his Servant? – (Ch 39 – Az-Zumar: 36)
قُلۡ فَمَن يَمۡلِكُ لَكُم مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ شَيۡـًٔا إِنۡ أَرَادَ بِكُمۡ ضَرًّا أَوۡ أَرَادَ بِكُمۡ نَفۡعَۢاۚ
Say: “Who then has any power at all (to intervene) on your behalf with Allah, if His Will is to give you some loss or to give you some profit?….(Ch 48 – Al-Fath: 11)
أَلَيۡسَ ٱللَّهُ بِأَحۡكَمِ ٱلۡحَـٰكِمِينَ
Is not Allah the wisest of judges? – (Ch 95 – At-Tin:08)
© Muhammad Abdullah Javed – April 2016
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