The Quranic Questions – 3

The Nature

The definition of Nature has the following six connotations:

  1.  The material world especially that is surrounding humankind and existing independently of human activities.
  2. The natural world as it exists without human beings or civilization.
  3. The elements of the natural world, such as mountains, trees, animals, rivers, forests etc.
  4. Natural scenery
  5. The universe, with all its phenomena
  6. The sum total of the forces at work throughout the universe. (Source: Dictionary.com)

The Quranic description of nature expounds a fascinating world of enchanting beauty, it has far more expanse than what nature is usually perceived. Just to put it in a nut shell you can say that the Quran presents theories about different forms of nature and the entire universe stands for there practical demonstrations. The demonstration is so colossal that it’s quite difficult for the human intellect to perceive how exactly the wonders of nature are at work. Let us contemplate on one of its aspects.

The phenomenon of rain and greenery has been described precisely in the Quran {Do you not see that Allah sends down water (rain) from the sky, and then the earth becomes green?(22:63)}. The sky, the earth and the atmosphere in between witness to what the Book says and present dazzling scenario of falling rain drops, germinating and sprouting of seeds and there by growing into a mature tree. The practical demonstration is so colossal that one needs to delve with tons of factors to understand how rain comes down from the sky and how a seed grows into a huge tree and bears fruits. To understand about rain, seed and tree, you need to study at least 35 branches of science as listed alphabetically below:

  • Aerology – study of the atmosphere 
  • Agrobiology – study of plant nutrition; soil yields
  • Agrology – study of agricultural soils 
  • Agronomics – study of productivity of land 
  • Anemology – study of winds 
  • Biology – study of life 
  • Bionomics – study of organisms interacting in their environments 
  • Botany – study of plants
  • Carpology – study of fruit 
  • Climatology – study of climate 
  • Dendrology – study of trees 
  • Ecology – study of environment 
  • Edaphology – study of soils 
  • Geoponics – study of agriculture 
  • Horticulture – study of gardening 
  • Hydrogeology – study of ground water 
  • Hydrography – study of investigating bodies of water 
  • Hydrology – study of water resources 
  • Hydrometeorology – study of atmospheric moisture 
  • Hyetology – science of rainfall 
  • Meteorology – study of weather
  • Nephology – study of clouds 
  • Oceanography – study of oceans 
  • Oceanology – study of oceans 
  • Ombrology – study of rain 
  • Orchidology – study of orchids 
  • Pedology – study of soils 
  • Pelology – study of mud 
  • Planetology – study of planets 
  • Pomology – study of fruit-growing 
  • Potamology – study of rivers
  • Selenology – study of the moon 
  • Silvics – study of tree’s life 
  • Thalassography – science of the sea 
  • Tidology – study of tides

Astonishing isn’t it? The Quran profoundly describes different facets of nature at length; it’s extremely difficult to reach to the depth of true understanding of nature. To know the science behind rain and greenery study of tens of branches is required, what about rest of the shades of nature then? Just think.

Questions about the Nature:

The verses mentioned below reveal various shades of nature. A close look at these verses help us categorize the Quranic description of nature in five ways:

  1. Blessings (see, Ar Rad:41, An Noor: 43…. , as mentioned below)
  2. The art of creation (see, Al-Hajj: 63, 65, Ash Shuara: 7…..)
  3. Exotic sceneries (see, An Nahl: 79, An Noor: 41…)
  4. Allah’s Mercy that no untoward incident happens in the universe (Al Hajj: 65, Saba: 9….)
  5. Scientific facts that present an incredibly great scope of research and development (see Ar Rad: 41, Al Furqan: 45, Luqman: 29….)

Now, look at the Quranic questions how beautifully they describe the essence of what exists in the universe:

 أَوَلَمۡ يَرَوۡاْ أَنَّا نَأۡتِى ٱلۡأَرۡضَ نَنقُصُہَا مِنۡ أَطۡرَافِهَا‌ۚ

Do they not see that We are advancing in the land, diminishing it by its borders on all sides?… (Ch 13 – Ar-Rad: 41)

أَلَمۡ يَرَوۡاْ إِلَى ٱلطَّيۡرِ مُسَخَّرَٲتٍ۬ فِى جَوِّ ٱلسَّمَآءِ۔۔۔۔

Do they not look at the birds, held poised in the midst of (the air and) the sky?… (Ch 16 – An-Nahl: 79)

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ أَنزَلَ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءً۬ فَتُصۡبِحُ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ مُخۡضَرَّةً‌ۗ

Do you not see that Allah sends down rain from the sky, and forthwith the earth becomes clothed with green? (Ch 22 – Al-Hajj: 63)

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ سَخَّرَ لَكُم مَّا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱلۡفُلۡكَ تَجۡرِى فِى ٱلۡبَحۡرِ بِأَمۡرِهِۦ وَيُمۡسِكُ ٱلسَّمَآءَ أَن تَقَعَ عَلَى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ إِلَّا بِإِذۡنِهِۦۤ‌ۗ

Have you not seen how Allah has subjected to you all that is in the earth, and the vessels that sail in the sea by His command? And it is He Who holds back the heaven that it may not fall on the earth except by His leave? (Ch 22 – Al-Hajj: 65)

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ ۥ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱلطَّيۡرُ صَـٰٓفَّـٰتٍ۬‌ۖ

Do you not see that all that is in the heavens and the earth, even the birds that go about spreading their wings in flight, extol His glory? (Ch 24 – An-Noor: 41)

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُزۡجِى سَحَابً۬ا ثُمَّ يُؤَلِّفُ بَيۡنَهُ ۥ ثُمَّ يَجۡعَلُهُ ۥ رُكَامً۬ا فَتَرَى ٱلۡوَدۡقَ يَخۡرُجُ مِنۡ خِلَـٰلِهِۦ

Do you not see that it is Allah who gently drives the clouds, then He joins them together and then turns them into a thick mass and thereafter you see rain-drops fall down from its midst?… (Ch 24 – An-Noor: 43)

أَلَمۡ تَرَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ كَيۡفَ مَدَّ ٱلظِّلَّ

Have they not turned their eyes to their Lord, how He does prolong the shadow? (Ch 25 – Al-Furqan: 45)

 

أَوَلَمۡ يَرَوۡاْ إِلَى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ كَمۡ أَنۢبَتۡنَا فِيہَا مِن كُلِّ زَوۡجٍ۬ كَرِيمٍ

Do they not look at the earth, – how many noble things of all kinds We have produced therein? (Ch 26 – Ash-Shuara: 7)

 

أَمَّنۡ خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَأَنزَلَ لَڪُم مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءً۬

Who has created the heavens and the earth, and Who sends you down rain from the sky? (Ch 27 – An-Naml: 60)

 

أَمَّن جَعَلَ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ قَرَارً۬ا وَجَعَلَ خِلَـٰلَهَآ أَنۡهَـٰرً۬ا وَجَعَلَ لَهَا رَوَٲسِىَ وَجَعَلَ بَيۡنَ ٱلۡبَحۡرَيۡنِ حَاجِزًا‌ۗ أَءِلَـٰهٌ۬ مَّعَ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ

Who has made the earth firm to live in; made rivers in its midst? Who has set thereon mountains immovable? Who has made a separating bar between the two bodies of flowing water? (can there be another) god besides Allah? (Ch 27 – An-Naml: 61)

 

أَوَلَمۡ يَرَوۡاْ ڪَيۡفَ يُبۡدِئُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡخَلۡقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ ۥۤ‌ۚ

Don’t they see how Allah originates creation, then repeats it…? (Ch 29 – Al-Ankaboot: 19)

 

قُلۡ سِيرُواْ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَٱنظُرُواْ ڪَيۡفَ بَدَأَ ٱلۡخَلۡقَ‌ۚ

Say: Travel through the earth and see how Allah did originate creation…? (Ch 29 – Al-Ankaboot: 20)

 

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُولِجُ ٱلَّيۡلَ فِى ٱلنَّهَارِ وَيُولِجُ ٱلنَّهَارَ فِى ٱلَّيۡلِ وَسَخَّرَ ٱلشَّمۡسَ وَٱلۡقَمَرَ كُلٌّ۬ يَجۡرِىٓ إِلَىٰٓ أَجَلٍ۬ مُّسَمًّ۬ى

Don’t they see that Allah merges Night into Day and He merges Day into Night? (Don’t they see) He has subjected the sun, and the moon (to His Laws)? each running its course for a term appointed? (Ch 31 – Luqman: 29)

 

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱلۡفُلۡكَ تَجۡرِى فِى ٱلۡبَحۡرِ بِنِعۡمَتِ ٱللَّهِ لِيُرِيَكُم مِّنۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦۤ‌ۚ

Don’t they see that the ships sail through the ocean by the Grace of Allah? That He may show you His Signs? (Ch 31 – Luqman: 31)

 

أَوَلَمۡ يَرَوۡاْ أَنَّا نَسُوقُ ٱلۡمَآءَ إِلَى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ ٱلۡجُرُزِ فَنُخۡرِجُ بِهِۦ زَرۡعً۬ا تَأۡڪُلُ مِنۡهُ أَنۡعَـٰمُهُمۡ وَأَنفُسُہُمۡ‌ۖ أَفَلَا يُبۡصِرُونَ

Do they not see that We do drive rain to parched soil (bare of herbage), and produce therewith crops, providing food for their cattle and themselves? Have they not the vision? (Ch 32 – As – Sajda: 27)

 

أَفَلَمۡ يَرَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ مَا بَيۡنَ أَيۡدِيهِمۡ وَمَا خَلۡفَهُم مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِۚ إِن نَّشَأۡ نَخۡسِفۡ بِهِمُ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ أَوۡ نُسۡقِطۡ عَلَيۡہِمۡ كِسَفً۬ا مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِۚ

Don’t they see what is before them and behind them, of the sky and the earth? If We wished, We could cause the earth to swallow them up, or cause a piece of the sky to fall upon them? (Ch 34 – Saba: 9)

قُلۡ مَن يَرۡزُقُكُم مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِۖ

Say: Who gives you sustenance, from the heavens and the earth?… (Ch 34 – Saba: 24)

 

أَوَلَمۡ يَرَوۡاْ أَنَّا خَلَقۡنَا لَهُم مِّمَّا عَمِلَتۡ أَيۡدِينَآ أَنۡعَـٰمً۬ا فَهُمۡ لَهَا مَـٰلِكُونَ

Don’t they see that it is We Who have created for them – among the things which Our hands have fashioned – cattle, which are under their dominion? (Ch 36 – Ya Seen: 71)

 

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ أَنزَلَ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءً۬ فَسَلَكَهُ ۥ يَنَـٰبِيعَ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ ثُمَّ يُخۡرِجُ بِهِۦ زَرۡعً۬ا مُّخۡتَلِفًا أَلۡوَٲنُهُ ۥ ثُمَّ يَهِيجُ فَتَرَٮٰهُ مُصۡفَرًّ۬ا ثُمَّ يَجۡعَلُهُ ۥ حُطَـٰمًا‌ۚ

Don’t they see that Allah sends down rain from the sky, and leads it through springs in the earth? Then He causes to grow, therewith, produce of various colors: then it withers; and you see it grow yellow; then He makes it dry up and crumble away?… (Ch 39 – Az-Zumar: 21)

 

أَفَرَءَيۡتُم مَّا تُمۡنُونَ 0 ءَأَنتُمۡ تَخۡلُقُونَهُ ۥۤ أَمۡ نَحۡنُ ٱلۡخَـٰلِقُونَ

Have you ever considered the sperm drop that you emit? Is it you who create it, or are We the Creator? (Ch 56 – Al-Waqia: 58-59)

 

أَفَرَءَيۡتُم مَّا تَحۡرُثُونَ 0 ءَأَنتُمۡ تَزۡرَعُونَهُ ۥۤ أَمۡ نَحۡنُ ٱلزَّٲرِعُونَ

Look at the seed that you sow in the ground? Is it you that cause it to grow, or are We the Cause? (Ch 56 – Al-Waqia: 63-64)

 

أَفَرَءَيۡتُمُ ٱلۡمَآءَ ٱلَّذِى تَشۡرَبُونَ 0 ءَأَنتُمۡ أَنزَلۡتُمُوهُ مِنَ ٱلۡمُزۡنِ أَمۡ نَحۡنُ ٱلۡمُنزِلُونَ

Look at the water which you drink? Do you bring it down (in rain) from the cloud or do We? (Ch 56 – Al-Waqia: 68-69)

 

أَفَرَءَيۡتُمُ ٱلنَّارَ ٱلَّتِى تُورُونَ 0 ءَأَنتُمۡ أَنشَأۡتُمۡ شَجَرَتَہَآ أَمۡ نَحۡنُ ٱلۡمُنشِـُٔونَ

Look at the Fire which you kindle? Is it you who grow the tree which feeds the fire, or do We grow it? (Ch 56 – Al-Waqia: 71-72)

 

أَوَلَمۡ يَرَوۡاْ إِلَى ٱلطَّيۡرِ فَوۡقَهُمۡ صَـٰٓفَّـٰتٍ۬ وَيَقۡبِضۡنَ‌ۚ

Do they not observe the birds above them, spreading their wings and folding them in? (Ch 67 – Al-Mulk: 19)

 

أَفَلَا يَنظُرُونَ إِلَى ٱلۡإِبِلِ ڪَيۡفَ خُلِقَتۡ 0 وَإِلَى ٱلسَّمَآءِ ڪَيۡفَ رُفِعَتۡ 0 وَإِلَى ٱلۡجِبَالِ كَيۡفَ نُصِبَتۡ 0 وَإِلَى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ كَيۡفَ سُطِحَتۡ

Do they not look at the Camels, how they are made? And at the Sky, how it is raised high? And at the Mountains, how they are fixed firm? And at the Earth, how it is spread out? (Ch 88 – Al-Ghashiya: 17-20)

….and the ultimate goal

Actually the human progress seems to be a journey of contemplation and subsequent achievements. The more you contemplate the more you are going to progress. Undoubtedly, the human history is a continuation of such contemplative progress as evident from the utilitarian aspects of the past, that without referring to earlier periods the development of culture and civilization is hard to materialize. 

Obviously, the way we progress and achieve, sets the future course for the generation next. So the process of contemplation can be regarded as a benchmark of humanity and the Quran addresses this distinctive attribute by presenting the whole universe…

سَنُرِيهِمۡ ءَايَـٰتِنَا فِى ٱلۡأَفَاقِ وَفِىٓ أَنفُسِہِمۡ حَتَّىٰ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَهُمۡ أَنَّهُ ٱلۡحَقُّ‌ۗ

 We will show them Our Signs in the universe, and in their own selves, until it becomes manifest to them that this (the Qur’an) is the truth. (Ch 41- Fussilat: 53)

 …………………. 

© Muhammad Abdullah Javed – April 2016


Do you need further clarifications or want to say something? feel free to post your comments below or contact: [mdabdullahjaved@gmail.com].


Articles in Urdu @:

https://muhammadabdullahjaved.wordpress.com/

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4 thoughts on “The Quranic Questions – 3

  1. Masha Allah!!! I have always been fascinated towards your study of the Qur’an, the gift Allah has given you. May Allah bless you with more knowledge and guide majority of the people, including me,through you. Aameen.

    Liked by 1 person

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